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JR—Caesarea
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  • JR Caesarea—Beginnings
    • Caesarea Beginnings—Paul, Julius, and a “We Section”
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      Paul has spent two years in Caesarea because of a miscarriage of provincial justice. The procurator Felix was looking for a bribe and wanted to do the leaders of Jerusalem a favor (Acts 24:26–27). Felix was so corrupt, Rome replaced him with Festus. Festus, new on the job, was manipulated by the leaders of Jerusalem to have Paul's trial moved back to Jerusalem. To avoid the jeopardy of this Jerusalem ruse, Paul appealed to Caesar. Festus was in a pickle. He had a prisoner with no witnesses for the case, and no case for the prosecution. Yet, he had to write up formal transfer papers to Rome, since a Roman citizen had appealed to the emperor. Agrippa II was his ticket to help him with the task. Paul appears before Agrippa and gives his defense, and all assembled, which included the tribunes of Caesarea (Acts 25:23), agreed Paul was innocent. The tribune who commanded Julius probably relayed all this information to his centurion, Julius, when giving him his orders. This communication impacted the future relationship of Paul and Julius. When the story of the journey to Rome starts in Acts 27:1, the grammar suddenly shifts to first person plural, “we.” When Paul begins to move toward Rome—God's original will for Paul back in Ephesus on the 3MJ (Acts 19:21)—by no accident Luke decidedly rejoins the narrative storyline. Further, Luke is fronting himself as an eyewitness to the voyage and shipwreck of Paul.
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